Book: Shah Wali Allah of Delhi 's Hujjat Allah al-Baligha (The Conclusive Argument from God).E. J. Brill, 1996. Pakistani edition Islamabad : Islamic Research Institute 2003.

Co-editor: Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. MacMillan, 2003.

“American Sufis” (under contract to Oxford U.P.)

“Shah Wali Allah of Delhi’s Risalas on Fiqh” forthcoming Fons Vitae

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Articles in Refereed Journals

"Shah Wali Allah's Arrangement of the Subtle Spiritual Centers," Studies in Islam, July 1982, pp. 137-150.

"Shah Wali Allah of Delhi's Hujjat Allah al-Baligha: Tension between the Universal and the Particular in an Eighteenth Century Theory of Religion,"  Studia Islamic, Fasicle 63, 1986, pp. 143-157.

"Shah Wali Allah's Theory of the Subtle Spiritual Centers (Latta'if): A Sufi Model of Personhood and

Self-Transformation," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 47 (1, January 1988):1-25.

"Interdisciplinary Approaches to Islamic Biographical Materials," Religion 18 (#4, 1988): 163-182.

"The Paradigmatic Structure of the Adam Stories in Qur'anic Narrative," Studies in Religion 17 (#1, 1988):41-52.

"Some Observations on the Situation of Muslim Women in North America ," Muslim Education Quarterly 5 (#2, Winter 1988):81-88.

"The Current State of Shah Wali Allah Studies," Hamdard Islamicus 11 (#3, Autumn 1988):17-30.

"Miracles, Language, and Power in a 19th Century Islamic Hagiographic Text," Arabica 38, (1991): 326-350.

"Mystical Paths and Authoritative Knowledge: A Semiotic Approach to Sufi Cosmological Diagrams", Journal of Religious Studies and Theology 12,(1, 1992), 52-77.

"The Female Hero in the Islamic Religious Tradition," The Annual Review of Women in World Religions (#2, 1992):111-143.

"Trends in Islamic Studies in the United States and Canada since the 1970's," in The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 10, (1, 1993), 96-118. (Turkish Translation published in Islami Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 1:1, 1996)

"The Study of Visions in Islam", Religion 27 (1, January 1997):1-5.

"Mystical Visions as 'Good to Think': Examples from Pre-Modern South Asian Sufi Thought", Religion 27, (1, January 1997): 25-43.

"Religion and Literature in Muslim South Asia " in Muslim World, Vol. 87 (3-4, 1997) 1997, 315-329.

"Sufi Interpretations of the Light Verse (Qur'an 24:35)" Islamic Quarterly, 1998 pt. 1, (XL11 #2), 144-155, pt. 2 (XL11#3), 218-227.

"Roads to Mecca Conversion Narratives of European and Euro-American Muslims" Muslim World, LXXXIX (Jan. 1999): 56-89.

"Hybrid identity Formations in Muslim America: The Case of American Sufi Movements" Muslim World Spring 2000 (90 #1&2): 158-197. Turkish translation in Avrupa Amerika Müslümanlarz (Islam in Europe and the United States) (Istanbul: Yenisayfa, 2003), 133-175.

"Biography and Transformations in the Space of Imagined Muslim Community" in Studies in Contemporary Islam, Vol. 4 #2, 2002, 1-21.

"Muslims in the Performative Mode: A Reflection on Muslim-Christian Dialogue" Muslim World 94 (3, 2004): 387-396.

“The Academic Study of Sufism at American Universities”  American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 24 (3, 2007):23-45.

"Rewriting Sufi Identity in the Twentieth Century: The Biographical Approaches of Ashraf Ali Thanvi and Khwaja Hasan Nizami" forthcoming in Islamic Studies 46 (1, 2007): 15-29.

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Articles in Books

"Fatimeh as a Role Model for the Iranian Woman of Today in the Works of cAli Sharicati," Women and Revolution in Iran, ed. G. Nashat, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1983, pp. 87-96.

"The God Concept Among Muslims," in God-Experience or Origin, Paragon Press, 1985, pp. 127-141.

"Two-Way Acculturation: Muslim Women in America," in Muslims of America, edited by Yvonne Haddad, Oxford University Press, 1991, pp. 188-201.  Arabic Translation in al-Muslimun fi Amrika  (Cairo: al-Ahram Publishing, 1994), pp. 232-248.

"The Muslim Community of San Diego" on Muslim Communities in America, edited by Yvonne Haddad, State University of New York Press, 1994, pp. 169-194.

Translation from Arabic of several modern Arabic poems by Lamea Abbas Amara in Food for Our Grandmothers: Writings by Arab-American and Arab-Canadian Feminists. ed. Joanna Kadi.  Boston: South End Press, 1994.

Translation (from Urdu) and introduction to Milad-e-Akbar ,a popular religious text from South Asia.  Religions of India in Practice ed. R. Lopez, Princeton University Press, 1995, 367-372.  Reprinted in Religions of Asia in Practice ed. Donald S. Lopez, Princeton, 2002, 73-79.

"In the Garden of American Sufi Movements: Hybrids and Perennials," in New Trends and Developments in the World of Islam, ed. Peter Clarke, London: Luzac Oriental Press, 1997 pp. 155-178.

"Citing the Sights of the Holy Sites: Visionary Pilgrimage Narratives of Pre-Modern South Asian Sufis" in The Shaping of an American Islamic Discourse: A Memorial to Fazlur Rahman, ed. Earle Waugh and Frederick M. Denny, Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999, pp. 189-213.

"An Islamic Response" in Ethics and World Religions eds. Regina Wentzel Wolfe and Christine E. Gudorf Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books 1999, 27-33.

"Sacred Intertextuality and Contemplative Practices in Late Mughal Sufism", in  The Heritage of Sufism: Late Classical Persianate Sufism (1501-1750), Oxford: One World, 1999, ed. Leonard Lewisohn and David Morgan, 319-344.

"Faqirs, Wahhabis, and Others: Reciprocal Classifications and the Transformation of Intellectual Categories in Early Colonial South Asia" in Perspectives of Mutual Encounter in South Asian History 1760-1860 ed. Jamal Malik Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2000, 23-48.

"Indo-Persian Tazkirahs as Memoritive Communications" in Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia. ed. Bruce B. Lawrence and David Gilmartin, University of Florida, 2000, 149-175.

"Common Themes, Uncommon Contexts: The Sufi Movements of Khwaja Hasan Nizami (1878-1955) and Hazrat Inayat Khan (1882-1927)" in A Pearl in Wine: Essays on the Life, Music and Sufism of Hazrat Inayat Khan ed. Zia Inayat Khan, New Lebanon, NY: Omega, 2001, 323-353.

"Dreams and Dreaming in Islam" in Dreams: A Reader on the Religious, Cultural, and Psychological Dimensions of Dreaming ed. Kelly Bulkeley.  New York: Palgrave 2001, 73-92.

"Teaching About Muslims in America" in Teaching Islam, ed. Brannon Wheeler. New York: Oxford, 2002, 168-180.

"Khwaja Hassan Nizami" in Sufi Martyrs of Love: The Chishti Order Carl Ernst and Bruce Lawrence, New York: Palgrave, 2002, 113-118, 121-123.

"How to Put the Genie Back in the Bottle: 'Identity Islam' and Muslim Youth Cultures in America" in Progressive Muslims: On Pluralism, Gender, and Justice. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2003, 303-319.

"Islamic Concepts of Vocation" in Revisiting the Idea of Vocation ed. John Haughey, Catholic University of America Press, 2004, 77-96.

"What's American about American Sufi Movements?" in Sufism in Europe and North America ed. David Westerlund, Routledge, 2004, 36-62.

"Islamic Religious Healing in Chicago: Intersections of South Asian Sufi, American, and Islamic Models" for Religious Healing in America ed. Susan Sered and Linda L. Barnes, Oxford, 2004,177-197.

"The Evolution of American Muslim responses to 9/11" in Ron Geaves (ed). Religious Responses to 9/11 Ashgate, 2004, 77-96.

"The 'other' Shadhilis of the West" in The Shadhiliyya, ed. Eric Geoffroy, Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 2005, 481-499.

"Keeping the Faith: Convert Muslim Mothers in America and the Transmission of Islamic Identity"  in Women Embracing Islam.  Gender and Conversion in the West, University of Texas Press, 2006 , ed. Karin van Nieuwkerk (ed.) 254-275.

“Identity Jihads: The Multiple Strivings of American Muslim Youth” in Religious Perspectives on Spirituality in Childhood and Adolescence, Aostre Johnson and Gene Roehlkepartain (eds.) Rowman & Littlefield, 2006, 423-436.

“Western Sufis and Sufi Literatures in the West” in Sufism in the West ed. John Hinnells and J. Malik Routledge, 2006, 28-48.

“Religious and Cultural Aspects of Islamic Sufi Healing” in Cultural Healing Systems: Beliefs and Practices ed. James Pappas et alii, (Calgary, AB: Detselig Enterprises, 2007), 193-205.

"Islamic Theology" in the Cambridge Companion to Islamic Theology ed. T. J. Winter (2008) 308-324.

“Concepts of Community in the Gulen Movement” accepted for publication in "Islam in the Contemporary World: The Gulen Movement," ed. Dale F. Eickelman.

“Faith Development and Spiritual Maturation in the Works of Said Nursi”  in “Said Nursi and Spirituality” ed. Ibrahim Abu Rabi, State University of New York Press, 2008, 81-102.

“Global Sufism: Theirs and Ours” forthcoming in “Sufis in Western Society: Global Networking and Locality” eds.  Ronald Geaves and Markus Dressler, Routledge, 2009.

“Two Early 20th Century South Asian Sufis’ Perspectives on Gender Issues: Khwaja Hasan Nizami (1878-1955) and Hazrat Inayat Khan (1882-1927)” for Barbara Metcalf ed. South Asian Muslim Perspectives, forthcoming Princeton.

“Muslim Youth: Classical Perspectives and Contemporary Issues” in “Childhood and the World Religions” ed. Marcia Bunge, forthcoming.

“The Study of Sufism at American Universities” for volume edited by Zahid Bukhari.

“Reconciliation and the return to Normalcy in the Light of Islamic Theology” in preparation for volume Reconciliation in Interfaith Perspective: Jewish, Christian and Muslim Voices ed. by Reimund Beiringer. forthcoming Peeters 2008.

“Sufi Autobiography in the 20th Century: Worldly and Spiritual Journeys of Khwaja Hasan Nizami” for a volume on Sufi Hagiography ed. John Renard.

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Encyclopedia Articles

Shah Waliullah al-Dihlavi" in Encyclopedia Iranica, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1994.

Ibn Khaldun," "Ahmadiyya," "Taj Mahal," "Akbar," "Shrines (Islam)," "Saint (Islam)," Harper-Collins Dictionary of Religion, ed. J. Z.  Smith, 1995.

`Shah Waliullah al-Dihlavi' 3:311-312, `Khanqah' 2:415-417, 'Biography and Hagiography' 1:218-221,  for Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, ed. John L. Esposito, Oxford University Press, 1995.

"Shah Wali Allah" and "Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi" for Great Thinkers of the Eastern World, ed. Ian P. McGreal, Harper-Collins 1995, pp. 480-483, 489-492.

"Women, Men, and Gender in Islam" for The Muslim Almanac: A  Reference Work on the History, Faith, Culture, and Peoples of Islam (Detroit: Gale, 1996): 381-391.

"Conversion"  for Encyclopedia of Women in World Religions, ed. Serenity Young, MacMillan, 1998. Vol. 1, 204-207.

"Sufism" in Encyclopedia of American Religion ed. Wade Clark Roof, New York: MacMillan, 1999, II: 704-706.

Du'a, khirqa, Shah Isma'il Shaid, Shauq, Huwiyya, Inayat Khan. Articles for the Oxford Dictionary of Islam, ed. John L. Esposito. 2003.

"Sufism" for Encyclopedia of Religion and American Culture, ed. Gary Laderman ABC-CLIO, 2003 Vol. 1, 144-6.

"Sufism in the West" , Adel Tehran (ed.), Vol. VII, Encyclopedia Islamica, Encyclopedia Islamica Foundation (Iran), 2003, 447-9.

"Shah Wali Allah", "Genealogy", "Biography"  "Fazlur Rahman" "Miracles" "al-Biruni"  "Masculinities", and "Mahdi" in Macmillan Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, Macmillan, 2003.

"Women in Sufism" for Encyclopedia of Women in Islamic Cultures, ed. Suad Joseph (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).

Various articles for Encyclopedia of Holy People, CLIO. 2004.

"Womb" "Talent" for Encyclopedia of the Qur'an V, 2005 pp. 191-2, 522-3.  E.J. Brill.

“Women and Gender in South Asian Qur’an Commentary” for Encyclopedia of Women in Islamic Cultures V ed. Suad Joseph  (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2007), 258-262

“Conversion to Islam: North America” for Encyclopedia of Women in Islamic Cultures V ed. Suad Joseph,(Leiden: E. J.  Brill, 2007), 293-296.

“Chicago” for “Encyclopedia of Islam in America”, ed. Jocelyne Cesari, Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 2007, 132-139.

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Book Reviews

Henry Corbin, Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth, From Mazdean to Shi'ite Iran, The Asian Student Review, January 1978.

"Shah Wali Allah of Delhi: New Publications from Pakistan," South Asia Library Notes and Queries, June 1978.

Iqbal: Life, Art and Thought, ed. N. Y. Khan, in Studies in Religion, A Canadian Journal, Vol. 9, #4, 1980, p. 478.

Kenneth Cragg, Muhammad and the Christian, in The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Vol. 2, #1, 1985, pp. 130-131.

Fatna Sabbah, Woman in the Muslim Unconscious, Choice, May 1985, p. 392.

Charles Le Gai Eaton, Islam and the Destiny of Man, Choice, June 1986, p. 238.

Rajmohan Gandhi, Eight Lives: A Study of the Hindu-Muslim Encounter, Choice, December 1986, p. 256.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr, ed., Islamic Spirituality, Gnosis Magazine, No. 5, Fall 1987, p. 55.

Tor Andrae, In the Garden of Myrtles, Choice, January 1988, p. 259.

S. M. H. Burney, Iqbal: Poet Patriot of India, Choice, May 1988, p. 171.

Javad Nurbakhsh, Sufi Women, in Iranian Studies, Vol. 25, # 3 & 4, (1992), p. 92-93.

Yohannan Friedman, Prophecy Continuous, for Journal of Oriental Studies, Vol. 29, #1, 1992, pp. 284-285.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Islamic Spirituality: Manifestations for Journal of the American Academy of Religion 1993, 610-611.

J. G. J. ter Haar, Follower and Heir of the Prophet: Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi as Mystic for International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 1994.

Yvonne Y. Haddad and Jane I. Smith, Mission to America: Five Islamic Sectarian Communities for Journal of Church and State. Vol. 36, #3 (Summer 1994), p. 611.

Mohammad Arkoun, Rethinking Islam for Journal of Church and State, 1995.

Margot Badran., Feminists, Egypt,  and Nation for Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism,  XXIV, 1-2, 1997, p. 156-7.

Leah Kinberg, Morality in the Guise of Dreams, for Oxford Journal of Islamic Studies VIII (1, 1997):91-2.

Avril Powell, Muslims and Missionaries in British India for Oxford Journal of Islamic Studies, 1997.

Michael Sells, Early Islamic Mysticism for MESA Bulletin  #31, 1997, 172-173.

Lila Abu Lughod, Writing Women's Worlds: Bedouin Stories for The International Journal of Comparative Sociology,  XXXIX, Nov 1998,  401-2.

Amira El Azhary Sonbol, Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History for Journal of Church and State, Vol. 4 No. 4 (Autumn 1998), 895-896.

Annemarie Schimmel, My Soul is a Woman for International Journal of Hindu Studies, Vol. 2 #2, 1998, 302-3.

Daniel Brown, Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought  for   International Journal of Middle East Studies, 31 (1999), 445-6.

Pnina Werbner and Helene Basu, eds.  Embodying Charisma: Modernity, Locality, and the Performance of Emotion in Sufi Cults for Journal of Contemporary Religion. 14 (3,1999): 418-9.

Arthur R. Buehler, Followers and Heirs of the Prophet  for Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 120 #1, 2000, 114-5.

Gisela Webb Windows of Faith: Muslim Women Scholar Activists in North America for Journal of Contemporary Religion 16 (3, 2001): 394-5.

Ziba Mir-Hosseini, Islam and Gender: the Religious Debate in Contemporary Iran for Journal of Religion 81 (4, 2001): 682-3.

Myfanwy Franks, "Women and Revivalism in the West: Choosing Fundamentalism in a Liberal Democracy" for Journal of Contemporary Religion 18  (1, 2003): 140-141.

Carrie Rosefsky Wickham, Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism, and Political Change in Egypt for Journal of Contemporary Religion,19 (2, 2004): 255-7.

Elizabeth Poole, Reporting Islam: Media Representations of British Muslims for Islamic Studies 43 (1, 2004): 138-42.

Abdelwahab Meddeb, The Malady of Islam and Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf

What's Right with Islam for Elixir Magazine (1, 2005): 109-111.

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7.  Other Publications

Nov. 2006 "Sufism and American Women" in  World History Connected (IV, 1)  an e-Journal of Learning and Teaching

“Suffering: An Islamic Perspective” in Suffering: The Stauros Notebook 26 (2, 2007): 10-12.